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What is MonkeyPox.|| Its symptoms and treatment.

What is MonkeyPox, its  Symptoms and treatment.


The world got relief from Covid-19 and now the fear is hovering over the word in the name of monkeypox.
Monkeypox is a viral disease which is transmitted from animals to human beings. It has rare cases in the word with sickness that is brought about by contamination with monkeypox infection. Firstly, it was spread from Africa.

Monkeypox history.

Monkeypox was first found in 1958 when two flare-ups of a pox-like sickness happened in provinces of monkeys saved for research, subsequently the name ‘monkeypox.’ The principal human instance of monkeypox was kept in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during a time of escalated work to wipe out smallpox. From that point forward, monkeypox has been accounted for in individuals in a few other focal and western African nations: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone. Most of diseases are in Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Pakistan has directed that all national and provincial public health officials be on high alert to investigate suspected monkey pox victims. Passengers have been asked to monitor the entry routes, including airports.
According to the alert issued, timely diagnosis is important for safety measures, so all public and private hospitals should make arrangements for the treatment and isolation of the victims. The NIH also clarified that at present there is no confirmed case of Monkey Pox in Pakistan.
On the other hand, Punjab Chief Minister Hamza Shahbaz has directed the health department to remain vigilant in view of the ‘threat of spread of monkey pox’ in the province. “Immediate precautionary measures should be taken to prevent the spread of monkey pox,” the statement said. An effective mechanism for screening passengers at airports should be regularized.

Monkeypox Spread.

The spread of monkey pox can be controlled , said by WHO.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says that the spread of monkeypox outside of Africa can be controlled and that its victims are not usually diagnosed in Africa. There have been 56 cases of monkey pox in the UK so far.
So far, more than 100 victims of Monkey Pox have been reported to develop skin rashes and fever. Its victims have been diagnosed in Europe, the United States and Australia.
Experts fear that the number of victims could increase, but the threat to the general population has been underestimated.

Symptoms of monkeypox

Monkeypox symptom.
Monkeypox symptom.

Monkeypox virus is common in remote areas of Central and West Africa. “The situation is manageable,” said Maria Van Kharkov, who works at the World Health Organization on the spread of new diseases.
“We want to stop the transmission of the virus from human to human,” he told a news conference on Monday. This is possible in countries where the virus has not spread so much. He was referring to cases in Europe and North America.
Outside of Africa, the virus has so far infected 16 countries. Experts say it does not spread as fast as the corona virus. According to an expert, the monkeypox virus is transmitted by skin. The severity of the disease is mild in most people.

Monkeypox effect, symptoms and treatment.

According to the UK’s National Health Service, it is a rare viral infection that is usually mild in effect and most people recover within a few weeks.  The symptoms of monkeypox are almost common to small pox, but affect is vary.
The virus does not spread easily among people and therefore the risk of its widespread spread is very low.
There is no specific vaccine for monkeypox, but the smallpox vaccine provides 85% protection because the two viruses are very similar, alongwith their symptoms.

The disease is caused by a virus called monkeypox.  The symptoms of monkeypox is like of a branch of a virus such as smallpox.
It is found mostly in remote areas of Central and West African countries, near tropical rain forests.
There are two main types of this virus, West African and Central African.
Two of the infected patients in the UK had traveled from Nigeria, so they are likely to be infected with the West African virus, which usually has a mild effect but is still unconfirmed.
Another case has been reported in a healthcare worker who is said to have transmitted the virus to a patient.
There is no known contact or travel history with more recent affairs. This seems to be due to the spread of the community in the UK.
The UK’s Health Security Agency says anyone with a fear of being infected should see a health professional.

Early symptoms include fever, headache, swelling, back pain, muscle aches and general nausea.
Once the fever goes away, rashes can form on the body that often start on the face, then spread to other parts of the body, usually the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.
How monkey spread.
Monkeypox can spread when someone is in close contact with an infected person. The virus can enter the body through broken and torn skin, respiratory tract or eyes, nose or mouth.
It was not previously described as a sexually transmitted infection, but it can be transmitted through direct contact during sexual intercourse.
It can also be spread by contact with infected animals, such as monkeys, mice and squirrels, or by infecting objects such as bedding and clothing.

Is Monkeypox dangerous?

Most of the effects of the virus are mild, sometimes similar to chicken pox, and clear up on their own in a few weeks.
However, monkey pox can sometimes be more severe, and there have been reports of undiagnosed deaths in West Africa?

Although some cases have been reported in gay and bisexual men who are bisexual, anyone who comes in close contact with someone who has monkeyox may be infected.
The UK Health Security Agency says a “significant proportion” of recent cases in the UK and Europe have been found among gay and bisexual men, so we are particularly encouraging them to be vigilant about their symptoms and seek help if they have any concerns.

How common is it to spread?
The virus was first identified in a captive monkey and has been reported in 10 African countries since the 1970s.
An epidemic broke out in the United States in 2003 and was first observed outside of Africa. In patients, the disease came from close contact with prairie dogs that were infected with small mammals imported into the country.
A total of 81 cases were reported at the time, but no deaths were reported. Nigeria saw its biggest epidemic in 2017 with 172 suspected cases and 75% of the victims were men between the ages of 21 and 40.
Monkeypox treatment?
There is no cure for monkeypox yet, but the spread can be controlled by preventing infection.
Smallpox vaccines have been shown to be up to 85% effective.
The UK has purchased a dose of smallpox vaccine, but it is unclear how many vaccines can be given.
Antiviral drugs can also help treat it.
Should the public be concerned?
Experts say we are not on the brink of a national pandemic and the risk of an outbreak is low, according to the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA).
Jonathan Ball, a professor of molecular virology at the University of Nottingham, said: “The fact that monkeypox affects only one in 50 patients is a sign that the virus is less contagious.
“It would be wrong to think that we are on the brink of a nationwide epidemic,” he said.

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